Naples is the capital of the region of Campania (Italy) and of the province of Naples. It is famous all over the world for its rich heritage in history, art, culture, architecture, music and gastronomy. It has played an important role in the history of the Italian peninsula throughout much of its existence, which began more than 2,800 years ago.
Founded in the 9th-8th centuries BC as a Greek colony, under the name of Parthenope and later Neápolis (New City), it is one of the oldest cities in the world. It held an important role in Magna Graecia and in the ancient Roman civilization, being a major cultural centre of the Roman Empire. Later, Naples was the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816) and then of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816–1861)
The historical centre of Naples is a World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO.
Within easy travelling distance of the city there are many interesting sites to visit such as the Royal Palace of Caserta, the archaeological excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida, the Sorrento Peninsula, the volcano Vesuvius and the Solfatara volcanic site.
The city has a population of about 1 million people. Its metropolitan area, with about 4.5 million inhabitants, is one of the most densely populated in Italy.
Naples is ranked fourth in Italy in terms of economic strength, after Milan, Rome and Turin. It has a small international airport well connected with the major airports of Europe and Italy. High-speed and standard train connections with the city of Rome are available all day, the trips lasting about 60 minutes and two hours respectively.